Devices of Satire



Device
Definition
Example
Irony
Discrepancy between expectation and actuality
Jim Fixx
Mock-Heroic
Using epic language to describe trivial/mundane events
The garbageman
Mockery
Ridicule or derision
Pretty self-explanatory...
Naive narrator
(aka defamiliarization)
An "outsider" brings new perspective to an old issue (gestalt shift)
Borat, "Nacirema", Gulliver's Travels
Overstatement
Exaggeration; hyperbole
"I'm so hungry, I could eat a horse!"
Parody
Ridicule/humor through imitation
"Weird Al" Yankovic; Spaceballs; De-Motivators
Pathos
Quick transition from the serious to the ridiculous; emotional appeal
"For Christmas, I wish for world peace, a cure for AIDS, and some pogs"
Sarcasm
Harsh derision, usually incorporating ironic statements
Referring to a cold stone bench as "soo comfy"
Understatement
Saying less than is meant
"The Nazis certainly were inconsiderate, weren't they?"